Have you ever seen some spots of your skin that are lighter than the other parts of your body? Yes, I am talking about hypopigmentation. These spots are made due to some changes on melanin. But if you want to know these spots better, realize what exactly cause them and what are the best products for them keep reading this blog post.
What is Hypopigmentation?
hypopigmentation is a condition in which the skin is lighter in color than normal. It occurs when special cells in the skin do not make enough of the pigment called melanin. Hypopigmentation can affect a small area of the skin or it can be widespread. It usually appears as lighter than normal colored patches on the skin or as areas on the skin that appear white. Hypopigmentation may be caused by injury, inflammation, or infection of the skin; some medical conditions; or certain medicines.
What are different types of Hypopigmentation?
The types of hypopigmentation include:
Albinism is considered a rare inherited disorder. According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation, about 1 in 20,000 people have some type of albinism in the United States.
Albinism occurs because of a defect in the gene that affects melanin production. The result is a reduction in melanin.
Since people with albinism cannot produce melanin, they have a lack of skin pigmentation. Their skin and hair appear white, and they may have less pigment in the irises of their eyes.
The exact cause of vitiligo is not fully understood, but researchers believe it may be due to an autoimmune disease that damages the cells that produce melanin.
Vitiligo causes smooth, white patches on the skin, which may occur over the entire body or specific areas, such as the arms or face.
In addition to the skin, white patches can also develop on the inside of the mouth and in the hair.
Pityriasis alba most commonly occurs in children with dark skin and involves white, slightly raised patches on the face.
The cause of pityriasis alba is not known, but it may be associated with eczema.
Read More: Can chocolate help you to have a good skin?
What is the best treatment for this skin disorder?
Treatment for hypopigmentation depends on the cause. Many people choose not to treat hypopigmentation if it is not causing any bothersome symptoms.
There is no cure for albinism. However, people with albinism are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer. They should be careful about sun exposure and always use sunscreen.
People with albinism also have an increased risk of vision problems, so they should try to wear sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat when necessary.
In other cases, treatment may not be needed. For example, people who develop hypopigmentation due to an injury may find that their skin returns to its normal color over time without treatment.
Hypopigmentation due to pityriasis alba may also not require treatment. In many cases, the white patches go away on their own.
A person may choose to use a topical steroid cream that may help decrease skin discoloration. A moisturizing lotion may also be useful to reduce dryness and itchiness that can occur with the condition.
Although there is no cure for vitiligo, certain treatments may help reduce white patches on the skin.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, some topical corticosteroids and light therapy may be helpful.
Applying corticosteroids to the skin may help add color, but they can have side effects and may cause the skin to become dry and fragile.
Vitiligo may also be treated with a laser, which is used on the skin two to three times a week for several weeks. In some people, these results are only temporary, and the white patches return over time.
A combined therapy using the medication psoralen and light therapy may also be used to treat hypopigmentation. The medication is applied to the skin or taken by mouth before light therapy is used on the affected area.
This treatment usually needs to be repeated two to three times a week for up to a year. Psoralen combined with light therapy tends to be more effective than light therapy alone.
Q&A about hypopigmentation:
Let’s check some of the rumors or FAQ’s related to hypopigmentation.
How long does hypopigmentation last?
The dermatosis resolves spontaneously within 2 years, leaving a transient hypopigmentation, especially in dark‐skinned people. In addition, the inflammatory phase may be undetectable, and hypopigmentation may be the sole feature.
Does aloe vera help hypopigmentation?
Applying aloe vera gel directly to the pigmented skin may also be a good way to reduce pigmentation over time. A study in the journal Planta Medica, which involved tadpole cells, notes that aloe vera’s active ingredient, called aloesin or aloin, could help reduce pigmentation of the skin.
How can I get melanin back in my skin?
You get vitamin A from the food you eat, especially vegetables that contain beta carotene, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, and peas. Since vitamin A also functions as an antioxidant, some researchers believe this vitamin, more than any other, may be the key to melanin production.